67 Shots

67 Shots: Kent State and the End of American Innocence

67 Shots: Kent State and the End of American Innocence by Howard Means

LD 4191 .O72 M43 2016

“At midday on May 4, 1970, after three days of protests, several thousand students and the Ohio National Guard faced off at opposite ends of the grassy campus Commons at Kent State University. At noon, the Guard moved out. Twenty-four minutes later, Guardsmen launched a 13-second, 67-shot barrage that left four students dead and nine wounded, one paralyzed for life. The story doesn’t end there, though. A horror of far greater proportions was narrowly averted minutes later when the guard and students reassembled on the Commons.

The Kent State shootings were both unavoidable and preventable: unavoidable in that all the discordant forces of a turbulent decade flowed together on May 4, 1970, on one Ohio campus; preventable in that every party to the tragedy made the wrong choices at the wrong time in the wrong place.

Using the university’s recently available oral-history collection supplemented by extensive new interviewing, Means tells the story of this iconic American moment through the eyes and memories of those who were there, and skillfully situates it in the context of a tumultuous era.”
– publisher description

Believers, Thinkers, and Founders

Believers, Thinkers, and Founders: How We Came to Be One Nation Under God by Kevin Seamus Hasson

BR 516 .H327 2016

“In Believers, Thinkers, and Founders: How We Came to Be One Nation Under God, Kevin Seamus Hasson – founder and president emeritus of the Becket Fund for Religious Liberty – offers a refreshing resolution to a familiar conundrum: If there is real religious freedom in America, how is it that our government keeps invoking God? He’s everywhere – from our currency to the Pledge of Allegiance. Isn’t that all entirely too religious? And just whose God are we talking about anyway? If we are intellectually honest, shouldn’t we scrub all these references to God from our public life?

Yet the Declaration of Independence says that god is the source of our rights. “The traditional position,” writes Hasson, “is that our fundamental human rights – including those secured by the First Amendment – are endowed to us by the Creator, and that it would be perilous to permit the government ever to repudiate that point.” America has steadfastly repeated that for more than two hundred years, throughout all branches and levels of government.

To say that there is no Creator who endows us with rights, Hasson argues, “is to do more than simply tinker with one of the most famous one-liners in history; it is to change the starting point of our whole explanation of who we are as Americans, and, ultimately, why our government is a limited one in the first place.”

What to do?

Hasson looks closely at the nation’s founding and sees a solution in the classical distinction between faith and reason. The existence of God, he points out, can traditionally be known by reason alone, while who God is can only be seen in faith. By recognizing the distinction between the “self-evident” Creator referred to in the Declaration of Independence and God as revealed in our faith traditions, we can move past the culture wars that plague us. In short, Hasson argues that we can have a robust First Amendment without abandoning our natural rights.

In Believers, Thinkers, and Founders, Hasson examines that idea while looking at a host of issues – including the Pledge of Allegiance, prayer at public events, and the Declaration of Independence – as he demonstrates how we can still be one nation under God.”
– publisher description

The First 1,000 Days

The First 1,000 Days: A Crucial Time for Mothers and Children – and the World by Roger Thurow

RJ 216 .T48 2016

“‘Your child can achieve great things.’

A few years ago, pregnant women in four corners of the world heard those words and hoped they could be true. Among them were Esther Okwir in rural Uganda, where the infant mortality rate is among the highest in the world; Jessica Saldana, a high school student in a violence-scarred Chicago neighborhood; Shyamkali, the mother of four girls in a low-caste village in India; and Maria Estella, in Guatemala’s western highlands, where most people are riddled with parasites and moms can rarely afford the fresh vegetables they farm.

Greatness? It was an audacious thought, given their circumstances. But they had new cause to be hopeful: they were participating in an unprecedented international initiative designed to transform their lives, the lives of their children, and ultimately the world. The 1,000 Days movement, a response to recent, devastating food crises and new research on the economic and social costs of childhood hunger and stunting, is focused on providing proper nutrition during the first 1,000 days of children’s lives, beginning with their mother’s pregnancy. Proper nutrition during these days can profoundly influence an individual’s ability to grow, learn, and work – and determine a society’s long-term health and prosperity.

In this inspiring, sometimes heartbreaking book, Roger Thurow takes us into the lives of families on the forefront of the movement to illuminate the science, economics, and politics of malnutrition, charting the exciting progress of this global effort and the formidable challenges it still faces: economic injustice, disease, lack of education and sanitation, misogyny, and corruption.”
– publisher description

Patience | by Daniel Clowes

Patience by Daniel Clowes

PN 6727 .C565 P38 2016

Patience is a psychedelic science-fiction love story, veering with uncanny precision from violent destruction to deeply personal tenderness in a way that is both quintessentially “Clowesian” and utterly unique in the author’s body of work. This 180-page, full-color original graphic novel affords Clowes the opportunity to draw some of the most exuberant and breathtaking pages of his life, and to tell his most suspenseful, surprising and affecting story yet. Full-color illustrations throughout.”
– Amazon.com

White Rage

White Rage: The Unspoken Truth of Our Racial Divide by Carol Anderson

E 185.61 .A5438 2016

“As Ferguson, Missouri, erupted in August 2014, with media commentators referring to the angry response of African Americans yet again as “black rage,” historian Carol Anderson wrote a remarkable op-ed in the Washington Post showing that this was, instead, “white rage” at work. “With so much attention on the flames,” she writes, “everyone had ignored the kindling.”

Now, in her eloquent and powerfully argued narrative, Anderson makes clear that since 1865 and the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment, every time African Americans have made advances toward full participation in our democracy, white reaction – usually in the courts and legislatures – has fueled a deliberate and relentless rollback of their gains. The end of the Civil War and Reconstruction was greeted with the Black Codes and Jim Crow. The Great Migration north was physically opposed in many Southern states, and blacks often found conditions in the North to be no better. The Supreme Court’s landmark 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision met with the shutting down of public schools throughout the South while taxpayer dollars financed segregated white private schools. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965 triggered a coded but powerful response – the so-called Southern Strategy and the War on Drugs that disenfranchised and imprisoned millions of African Americans. The election of Barack Obama, and the promise it heralded of healing our racial divide, precipitated instead a rash of voter suppression laws in Southern and swing states, while the Supreme Court’s decision in Shelby County v. Holder gutted a key provision of the Voting Rights Act.

Carefully linking these and other historical flash points when social progress for African Americans was countered by deliberate and cleverly crafted white opposition, Anderson pulls back the veil that has long covered punitive actions allegedly made in the name of protecting democracy, fiscal responsibility, or protection against fraud. Compelling and dramatic in the unimpeachable history it relates over a century and a half, White Rage will add an important new dimension to the national conversation about race in America.”
– publisher description

Barbarian Days: A Surfing Life

Barbarian Days: A Surfing Life by William Finnegan

GV 838 .F58 A3 2015

Barbarian Days is William Finnegan’s memoir of an obsession, a complex enchantment. Surfing looks like a sport, but that’s only to outsiders. To initiates, it is something else entirely: a beautiful addiction, a morally dangerous pastime, a way of life.

Raised in California and Hawaii, Finnegan started surfing as a child. He has chased waves all over the world, wandering for years through the South Pacific, Australia, Asia, Africa. A bookish boy, then an excessively adventurous young man, he went on to become a distinguished writer and war reporter. Barbarian Days takes us deep into unfamiliar worlds, some of them right under our noses – off the coasts of New York and San Francisco – and dramatizes the edgy camaraderie of close male friendships forged in challenging waves.

Finnegan shares stories of life in a whites-only gang in a tough school in Honolulu. He shows us a world turned upside down for kids and adults alike by the social upheavals of the 1960s. He details the intricacies of famous waves and his own apprenticeships to them. Youthful folly – he tries to ride maxed-out Holoua Bay, on Maui, on LSD – is served with rueful humor. He and a buddy, their knapsacks crammed with reef charts, bushwhack through Polynesia. They discover – while camping on an uninhabited island in Fiji – one of the world’s greatest waves. As Finnegan’s travels take him ever father afield, he becomes an improbable anthropologist: unpicking the picturesque simplicity of a Samoan fishing village, teasing out the sexual politics of Tongan interactions with Americans and Japanese, navigating the black market in Southeast Asia while nearly succumbing to malaria. Throughout, he surfs, carrying readers with him on rides of harrowing, unprecedented lucidity. Today, Finnegan’s surfing life is undiminished. Juggling work and family, he chases his enchantment through Long Island ice storms and forgotten corners of Madagascar.

Barbarian Days is an old-school adventure story, an intellectual autobiography, a social history, a literary road movie, and an extraordinary exploration of the gradual mastering of an exacting, little-understood art.”
– publisher description

Life Moves Pretty Fast

Life Moves Pretty Fast: The Lessons We Learned From Eighties Movies (And Why We Don’t Learn Them From Movies Anymore) by Hadley Freeman

PN 1993.5 .U6 F75 2016

“In Life Moves Pretty Fast, Hadley Freeman interviews the producers, directors, writers and stars of cult classics to discover how John Hughes found Molly Ringwald, how the friendship between Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi influenced comedy, and how Eddie Murphy made Americans believe that race can be transcended – and much, much more. Looking back on this cinematic world, she considers how the changes between movies then and movies today say so much about society’s expectations of women, young people, and art – and explains why Pretty in Pink should be put on school syllabuses immediately.

Funny, fascinating, and insightful, Life Moves Pretty Fast is a truly rigorous, heartfelt tour of some of the best-loved movies ever made.”
– publisher description