Bone Rooms: From Scientific Racism to Human Prehistory in Museums
by Samuel J. Redman
CC 79.5 .H85 R43 2016
“In 1864 a U.S. Army doctor dug up the remains of a Dakota man who had been killed in Minnesota. Carefully recording his observations, he sent the skeleton to a museum in Washington, DC, that was collecting human remains for research. In the “bone rooms” of this museum and others like it, a scientific revolution was unfolding that would change our understanding of the human body, race, and prehistory.
In Bone Rooms Samuel Redman unearths the story of how human remains became highly sought-after artifacts for both scientific research and public display. Seeking evidence to support new theories of human evolution and racial classification, collectors embarked on a global competition to recover the best specimens of skeletons, mummies, and fossils. The Smithsonian Institution built the largest collection of human remains in the United States, edging out stiff competition from natural history and medical museums springing up in cities and on university campuses across America. When the San Diego Museum of Man opened in 1915, it mounted the largest exhibition of human skeletons ever presented to the public.
The study of human remains yielded discoveries that increasingly discredited racial theory; as a consequence, interest in human origins and evolution – ignited by ideas emerging in the budding field of anthropology – displaced race as the main motive for building bone rooms. Today, debates about the ethics of these collections continue, but the terms of engagement were largely set by the surge of collecting that was already waning by World War II.”
– publisher description
Crusader Art: The Art of the Crusaders in the Holy Land, 1099-1291 by Jaroslav Folda
N 6300 .F66 2008
“The Crusades began as expeditions called by the Pope to regain the Holy Land and liberate oppressed Christians living there. One of the least known aspects of the Crusades is the art that was commissioned by Crusaders in the Holy Land from the time they took Jerusalem in July 1099 to their defeat by the Mamluks in 1291.
This book focuses on the full range of Crusader painting (manuscript illumination, frescos, mosaics, and icon painting) to tell the fascinating story of the development of Crusader art. Jaroslav Folda, a leading expert in the field, identifies Crusader art as a remarkable Near Eastern phenomenon made by Crusader artists resident and trained in the East. Explaining the major artistic trends that emerged from the Greek East and the Latin West, the author suggests that Crusader art played a significant role in transmitting the Byzantinizing tradition of the maniera greca to Italy and Europe up until the end of the 13th century.This assertion leads to the important conclusion that Crusader art had an influence on artistic developments leading up to the early stages of the Italian Renaissance.
Crusader Art is the first book to illustrate a wide range of important works of Crusader art in color, including surviving architectural examples, works of sculpture, mosaics, frescoes,manuscripts, icons, ivory carvings, metalwork, and coins. It will be essential reading for scholars, students, travelers to the Near East, and enthusiasts alike.” — book jacket
Ancient Bodies, Ancient Lives: Sex, Gender, and Archaeology by Rosemary A. Joyce
CC 72.4 .J69 2008
“Ranging from European hunters who created the first human images known to us almost 30,000 years ago to the lives of men and women from social groups of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries who seldom appear in conventional histories, Ancient Bodies, Ancient Lives explores how men and women in many times and places represented sexual differences, and how they lived lives shaped in part by those differences.” — book jacket